Pitahaya is a perennial, epiphytic, climbing, triangular-shaped, fleshy cactus with jointed green stems.
Aerial roots grow from the underside of the stems, providing anchorage for the plants to climb.
Flowering is nocturnal and its large, beautiful, bell-shaped, white and green flowers are very fragrant and open only once, during the early morning, and fade at dawn.
It is considered an exotic fruit because of the appearance of its peel and the characteristic flavor of the pulp.
Its peel attracts attention, in it there are formations called bracts, waxy and fleshy consistency that stand out to the eye of the consumer.
Its pulp is juicy and fleshy, composed of small shiny seeds that are evenly distributed in large quantities throughout the fruit.
Pitahaya or dragon fruit is native to Mexico and Central America and is cultivated in tropical and subtropical countries such as Taiwan, southern China, Israel, Thailand, Australia, USA, Malaysia and also in Ecuador.
It is a sweet tasting fruit with abundant nutrients that provide nutritional benefits thanks to its bioactive compounds.
Its content in glucose, betalains, vitamins, organic acids, soluble dietary fiber, phytoalbumins and constituent minerals is highlighted.
Almost 90% water, low in protein, fat, carbohydrates and high in dietary fiber, vitamin C, calcium, iron, phosphorus, thiamines, riboflavin and niacins.
This fruit is a rich source of natural coloring due to its high content of betacyanins, which give the skin an intense color, ranging from red to purple tones.
Pitahaya is used as an ally to reduce degenerative diseases such as diabetes, colon cancer and heart disease. In addition, it helps to relieve the digestive system, to control cholesterol levels and blood pressure. Famous for being used in slimming diets.
It also provides anti-diabetic effect, significantly attenuating insulin resistance. Regular consumption of red pitahaya fruit has great potential in controlling blood glucose levels in type II diabetics.
Pitahaya peel has demonstrated important nutraceutical properties; it has the potential to reduce total cholesterol and triglycerides.
Perfect for breakfast as a fresh chopped fruit, an ideal snack at any time of the day and an excellent accompaniment to salads and side dishes.
It is also used as an outstanding ingredient for juices, cocktails, jams and compotes. It is recommended to be consumed after refrigeration, as the cold enhances its flavor.